Title IX was the first comprehensive federal law to prohibit sex discrimination against students and employees of educational institutions. Title IX benefits both males and females, and is at the heart of efforts to create gender equitable schools. The law requires educational institutions to maintain policies, practices and programs that do not discriminate against anyone based on sex. Under this law, males and females are expected to receive fair and equal treatment in all arenas of public schooling: recruitment, admissions, educational programs and activities, course offerings and access, counseling, financial aid, employment assistance, facilities and housing, health and insurance benefits, marital and parental status, scholarships, bullying, intimidation, sexual harassment, and athletics.
Any sexual misconduct or physical abuse, as defined by California law, whether committed by an employee, student, or member of the public, occurring on campus or controlled property, at campus or supervised functions, or related to or arising from campus attendance or activity is a violation of District policies and regulations, and is subject to all applicable punishment, including criminal and/or civil prosecution and employee or student discipline procedures.
Title IX of the Education Amendments 1972 to the Civil Rights Act of 1964
No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, or denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity under any educational program or activity receiving federal assistance.
Who Is Protected Under Title IX?
Title IX protects students, faculty and staff in federally funded education programs. Title IX applies to all elementary and secondary schools, colleges and universities. It also applies to programs and activities affiliated with schools that receive federal funds (such as internships or School-to-Work programs) and to federally funded education programs run by other entities such as correctional facilities, health care entities, unions and businesses.
Who is Responsible for Enforcing Title IX?
Every school, by law, is required to designate a Title IX Coordinator. Contact information for the Title IX Coordinator must be readily available to school faculty, staff and students, known as the Notice of Nondiscrimination.
Schools Must Disseminate a Notice of Nondiscrimination
This notice is likely available in a student handbook or code of conduct in elementary and secondary schools, District and school websites, and in an Annual Security Report (ASR) in higher education institutions.
This notice of prohibiting any discrimination, bullying, intimidation, and stalking must be widely distributed, available, and easily accessible to the school community each year. The California Department of Education recommends schools:
Publish this policy online and have it available in print across campus so that school members may understand its purpose and utility
Include enough detail in the policy so that members of the community can realize sexual harassment and sexual violence are prohibited forms of sex discrimination.